Pruning enhances the beauty, directs the shape, promotes health and encourages new growth and better flowers and fruit. Learn how to use apical dominance, direction of bud growth and desired outcome to help make the following pruning cuts: pinching, heading back, thinning out, shearing and limb removal. Then, see how to prune ornamental trees, hedges, bush roses, conifers and flowering shrubs. Also, learn about types, uses and maintenance of common pruning tools. A supplement is included.